Evolution of the Research Literature and the Scientific Community of Alzheimer’s Disease from 1983-2017: A 35-Year Survey.

This study surveys the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in the research literature, the scientific community, and journals containing the letters AD over a period of 35 years. research papers about AD 1983-2017 published in journals indexed in the Web of Science analyzed in seven five-year period.

Total paper AD increased from 1,095 in 1983-1987 to 50 532 by 2013 to 2017 and in the same time period, the number of participating countries went from 27 to 152. The US is the most productive country in the whole, followed by some European countries, Canada, Australia, and Japan. Asian countries have emerged and by 2013-2017, China surpassed all but the US in productivity. Countries in Latin America and Africa have also contributed to the study of AD.

In addition, several non-governmental organizations a new one (for example, ADNI, ADI) has emerged and now plays a key role in the fight against AD. Likewise, publishing scientific AD Universe is expanding in many aspects: the increase in the number of journals that contain the AD paper (227 journals in 1983-1987 to 3257 in 2013-2017); the appearance of several journals AD-focused, for example, Alzheimer’s & Dementia, the Journal of Alzheimer’s; and the development of special issues dedicated to AD. Our paper complements a range of papers that still exist in the theoretical and clinical aspects of AD and provide an overview of the research landscape of the country and contributes journal papers related to AD.


We sought to examine the association of race / ethnicity with a willingness to engage in a study involving a typical procedure of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) clinical trials and determine whether the observed differences can be explained by attitudes.We research studied 2749 adults aged ≥50 years who were enrolled in recruitment registry.

Compared to community-based non-Hispanic (NH) white (n = 2393, 87%), Hispanic (n = 191, 7%), NH Asia (n = 129, 5%) and NH blacks (n = 36 , 1%) was 44%, 46%, and 64% less willing, respectively, contacted for the study who had the typical requirements of AD prevention trials, namely: cognitive testing, brain imaging, blood draws, and studied medicine. Mediation by the attitude of research explored, but it does not explain the observed findings indicate that ethnoracial differences.Our minorities less willing to engage in the study were typical of AD prevention trials. Future work should focus on understanding the factors that drive these differences.

 Evolution of the Research Literature and the Scientific Community of Alzheimer's Disease from 1983-2017: A 35-Year Survey.
Evolution of the Research Literature and the Scientific Community of Alzheimer’s Disease from 1983-2017: A 35-Year Survey.

Photobiomodulation for Alzheimer’s Disease: Translating Basic Research in Clinical Applications.

One of the challenges in translating new therapeutic approaches for bedside patient lies in bridging the gap between laboratory scientists conducting basic research and medical practitioners who are not exposed to highly specialized journals.

This review covers the literature on photobiomodulation therapy as a new approach to prevent and treat Alzheimer’s disease, which aims to bridge the gap that by gathering together the requirements and technical specifications into a single brief advice to the treatment protocol. Given the predicted doubling the number of people affected by dementia and Alzheimer’s disease in the next 30 years, treatment options have shown promising results in studies of cell cultures and animal models, and has been proven safe in humans, should not be left in the dark.

Thalamus (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10310 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human thalamus tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human thalamus tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the thalamus tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The thalamus tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Amygdala

C1236036Alz 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Cerebellum

C1236039Alz 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Hippocampus

C1236052Alz 40 reactions
EUR 801
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Pons

C1236071Alz 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Frontal Lobe

C1236051Alz 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Occipital Lobe

C1236062Alz 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Parietal Lobe

C1236066Alz 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Postcentral Gyrus

C1236072Alz 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Precentral Gyrus

C1236073Alz 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Temporal Lobe

C1236078Alz 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Thalamus, from a single donor

D1236079Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain

P1236035Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total RNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain

R1236035Alz-50 50 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain

T1236035Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

cDNA from Parkinson's Disease: Brain

C1236035Par 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Parkinson's Disease: Brain: Thalamus

P1236079Par 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Frozen Tissue Section - Parkinson's Disease: Brain: Thalamus

T1236079Par 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Alzheimers Disease: Brain: Thalamus

T2236079Alz 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Parkinson's Disease: Brain: Thalamus

T2236079Par 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Amygdala

P1236036Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Cerebellum

P1236039Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Hippocampus

P1236052Alz 1 mg
EUR 556
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Pons

P1236071Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Amygdala

T1236036Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Cerebellum

T1236039Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Hippocampus

T1236052Alz 5 slides
EUR 821
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Pituitary

T1236068Alz 5 slides
EUR 821
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Pons

T1236071Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Cerebellum

T2236039Alz 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

cDNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain

C1236035Msc 40 reactions
EUR 668
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

cDNA from Parkinson's Disease: Brain: Hippocampus

C1236052Par 40 reactions
EUR 801
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Thalamus

P1236079Msc 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Frozen Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Thalamus

T1236079Msc 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Thalamus

T2236079Msc 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Corpus Callosum

P1236045Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Frontal Lobe

P1236051Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Medulla oblongata

P1236057Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Occipital Lobe

P1236062Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Parietal Lobe

P1236066Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Postcentral Gyrus

P1236072Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Precentral Gyrus

P1236073Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Temporal Lobe

P1236078Alz 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Corpus Callosum

T1236045Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Frontal Lobe

T1236051Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Medulla oblongata

T1236057Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Occipital Lobe

T1236062Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Parietal Lobe

T1236066Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Postcentral Gyrus

T1236072Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Precentral Gyrus

T1236073Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Temporal Lobe

T1236078Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Medulla oblongata

T2236057Alz 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

cDNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Hippocampus

C1236052Msc 40 reactions
EUR 801
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Amygdala (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10274 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human amygdala tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human amygdala tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the amygdala tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The amygdala tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Hippocampus (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10286 0.1 mg
EUR 768.5
Description: Human hippocamps tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human hippocamps tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the hippocamps tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The hippocamps tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Pons (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10298 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human pons tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human pons tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the pons tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The pons tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain, from a single donor

D1236035Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Parkinson's Disease: Brain: Thalamus, from a single donor

D1236079Par 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Human Alzheimer's Disease Primer Library

HAZD-I 1 set
EUR 548

Amygdala (Alzheimer's Disease) Membrane Lysate

XBL-10272 0.1 mg
EUR 626.75
Description: Human brain amygdala tissue membrane protein lysate was prepared by isolating the membrane protein from whole tissue homogenates using a proprietary technique. The human amygdala tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The membrane protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH 7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the isolated brain amygdala tissue membrane protein pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The isolated brain amygdala tissue membrane protein is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody to confirm there is no signal or very weak signal.

Corpus Callosum (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10278 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human corpus Callosum tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human corpus Callosum tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the corpus Callosum tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The corpus Callosum tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Frontal Lobe (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10282 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human frontal lobe tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human frontal lobe tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the frontal lobe tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The frontal lobe tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Hippocampus (Alzheimer's Disease) Cytoplasmic Lysate

XBL-10283 0.1 mg
EUR 227.75
Description: Human brain hippocamps tissue cytoplasmic protein lysate was prepared by isolating the cytoplasmic protein from whole tissue homogenates using a proprietary technique. The human hippocamps tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The cytoplasmic protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH 7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, glycerol, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the isolated brain hippocamps tissue cytoplasmic protein pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The isolated brain hippocamps tissue cytoplasmic protein is then Western analyzed by GAPDH antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Hippocampus (Alzheimer's Disease) Membrane Lysate

XBL-10284 0.1 mg
EUR 710.75
Description: Human brain hippocamps tissue membrane protein lysate was prepared by isolating the membrane protein from whole tissue homogenates using a proprietary technique. The human hippocamps tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The membrane protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH 7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the isolated brain hippocamps tissue membrane protein pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The isolated brain hippocamps tissue membrane protein is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody to confirm there is no signal or very weak signal.

Occipital lobe (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10290 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human occipital lobe tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human occipital lobe tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the occipital lobe tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The occipital lobe tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Parietal Lobe (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10294 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human parietal lobe tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human parietal lobe tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the parietal lobe tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The parietal lobe tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Postcentral Gyrus (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10302 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human postcentral gyrus tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human postcentral gyrus tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the postcentral gyrus tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The postcentral gyrus tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Precentral Gyrus (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10306 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human precentral gyrus tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human precentral gyrus tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the precentral gyrus tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The precentral gyrus tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Temporal Lobe (Alzheimer's Disease) Lysate

XBL-10314 0.1 mg
EUR 663.5
Description: Human temporal lobe tissue lysate was prepared by homogenization using a proprietary technique. The tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The human temporal lobe tissue total protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, Sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the temporal lobe tissue pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The temporal lobe tissue is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody, and the expression level is consistent with each lot.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Cerebellum, from a single donor

D1236039Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Pons, from a single donor

D1236071Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Multiple Sclerosis Disease: Brain: Thalamus, from a single donor

D1236079Msc 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Pons

R1236071Alz-10 10 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Temporal Lobe (Alzheimer's Disease) Membrane Lysate

XBL-10312 0.1 mg
EUR 626.75
Description: Human brain temporal lobe tissue membrane protein lysate was prepared by isolating the membrane protein from whole tissue homogenates using a proprietary technique. The human temporal lobe tissue was frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after excision and then stored at -70°C. The membrane protein is provided in a buffer including HEPES (pH 7.9), MgCl2, KCl, EDTA, Sucrose, Glycerol, sodium deoxycholate, NP-40, and a cocktail of protease inhibitors. For quality control purposes, the isolated brain temporal lobe tissue membrane protein pattern on SDS-PAGE gel is shown to be consistent for each lot by visualization with coomassie blue staining. The isolated brain temporal lobe tissue membrane protein is then Western analyzed by either GAPDH or β-actin antibody to confirm there is no signal or very weak signal.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Corpus Callosum, from a single donor

D1236045Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Frontal Lobe, from a single donor

D1236051Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Medulla oblongata, from a single donor

D1236057Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Occipital Lobe, from a single donor

D1236062Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Parietal Lobe, from a single donor

D1236066Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Postcentral Gyrus , from a single donor

D1236072Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Precentral Gyrus , from a single donor

D1236073Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Genomic DNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Brain: Temporal Lobe, from a single donor

D1236078Alz 50 ug
EUR 446
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total Protein from Dementia: Brain: Thalamus

P1236079Dem 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Total Protein from Depression: Brain: Thalamus

P1236079Dep 1 mg
EUR 461
Description: Can be used for various proteomics studies in both normal and pathological cases. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes. This product is prepared from whole tissue homogenates and has undergone SDS-PAGE quality control analysis. The protein is stored in a buffer with protease inhibitor cocktail fo prevent degradation.

Frozen Tissue Section - Dementia: Brain: Thalamus

T1236079Dem 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Frozen Tissue Section - Depression: Brain: Thalamus

T1236079Dep 5 slides
EUR 465
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Dementia: Brain: Thalamus

T2236079Dem 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Paraffin Tissue Section - Depression: Brain: Thalamus

T2236079Dep 5 slides
EUR 257
Description: Our tissue products are produced by strictly following the IRB ethical standards and procedures and from highest quality tissues. Immediately after collection the tissues are placed in liquid nitrogen and examined by certified pathologists. The thickness of each individual section is ~5um. They are Hematoxylin and Eosin stained and quality tested by immunostaining with anti-beta-actin antibodies. Our tissue products are suitable for various studies on cellular level (RNA localization, Protein expression, etc.) on both normal and pathological cases. It is also an excellent control and educational tool.

Non-Ab Component of Alzheimer's Disease Amyloid

5-01639 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Non-Ab Component of Alzheimer's Disease Amyloid

SP-89317-1 1 mg
EUR 286

Total RNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Corpus Callosum

R1236045Alz-10 10 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Frontal Lobe

R1236051Alz-10 10 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Occipital Lobe

R1236062Alz-10 10 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Parietal Lobe

R1236066Alz-10 10 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Postcentral Gyrus

R1236072Alz-10 10 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

Total RNA from Alzheimer's Disease: Precentral Gyrus

R1236073Alz-10 10 ug
EUR 351
Description: Can be used for various studies in the realm of gene expression and regulation, both normal and pathological. It is an excellent control and suitable for educational purposes.

This review covers the mechanistic action photobiomodulation therapies against Alzheimer’s disease at the cellular level. Safe and effective dose has been found in animal models, and the first human case studies have given reasons for doing large scale clinical trials. A brief discussion on the minimum effective dose tolerated and the maximum conclude this review, and provide the basis for a successful translation from bench to bedside.